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Lithiania overview

Lithuania - the largest country in the Baltic states, covering an area of more than 65 thousand square kilometers In terms of population it is also superior to their Baltic neighbors, and is home to 3.37 million people. Although Lithuania is usually called a small country, its territory is much more than, say, the territory of Denmark or Switzerland, or put together Belgium and the Netherlands. Among European countries, Lithuania can be compared with Ireland.


According to the National Geographic Institute of France, Lithuania geographically located in the heart of Europe. The Lithuanians are very proud of it. But there is another point of view on this matter, and there are other countries that claim to the title of "Center of Europe."


The maximum length of Lithuanian territory from east to west is 374km from north to south - 277km. Lithuania is bordered by Belarus, Latvia, Kaliningrad. region of Russia and Poland. The length of the Lithuanian Baltic Sea coast is 99km. Lithuanian coast - this is a continuous strip of beautiful sandy beaches, enclosed by sand dunes. All along the coast the sea strand pieces of amber - hardened tree resin, which was formed millions of years ago. Amber was an important mineral resource of the country during the past two millennia. Almost half of the coastline is the most amazing natural sights of the country - the Curonian Spit, which is a narrow strip of land separating the sea from shallow Curonian Lagoon.


The rest of the Lithuanian landscape forms a mix of mostly lowland plains and rolling hills. Approximately 28% of the country covered with forests. Just over 3% - covered by swamps.

Lakes - one of the most remarkable features of the Lithuanian landscape. In total there are about three thousand lakes.


The most important river - Nemunas, which originates in Belarus and empties into the lagoon. (937km). Nerys - the second largest river in Lithuania (510km). On the bank of the river lies the town of Vilnius - the capital of Lithuania, Kaunas - the second largest city in the country, is located just at the point where the Neris merges with the Neman.


Approximately one-third of the population (their numbers declined in the past few years due to strong emigration, when the country was abandoned by about 350tys. Pers.) Lives in three major cities - Vilnius (, Kaunas (358) and Klaipeda (185 ) - A port town, situated at the junction of the Curonian Lagoon from the Baltic Sea.


Among the Baltic States, Lithuania has the most powerful and diverse economies. Currently there are 10 commercial banks. The most significant of these is the bank SEB. The Lithuanian Stock Exchange, the first in the Baltic States, was founded with the support of France, and today remains the largest in the Baltic region.


In 1993. was re-introduced the national currency of the interwar Lithuania - LTL. As a result, monetary reform, inflation was very high initially 189%, but after a year - 45%. Starting in 1999. in Lithuania on a regular basis, a period of deflation. However, inflation has returned, and in 2006 its level was 4.5%. This was a major factor in the country against the introduction of the euro, which was supposed to do in 2007.


More than half of the territory is occupied with the / x holdings. However, this sector is steadily declining. And now with the / x gives no more than 5% of gross domestic product of the country. More than half of forest remains in state hands. Forests are one of the most important natural resources. Wood and wood products made from it, is more than 5% of total exports of Lithuania.


Among industrial sectors a key role in the economy are oil refining and oil industry. Currently, Lithuania has to import oil, bypassing Russia, through a new terminal in Butinge about Palanga. Other important industries include food processing, textiles, garments, chemicals. Overall, more than half of all goods produced in the country, delivered abroad.

Very good transport infrastructure: the port of Klaipeda (where the ice is not water binds even in winter), 4 international airports, as well as the highway system, which is the best on the whole territory of the former Soviet Union.


Other economic indicators also promising. Almost 60% of working population currently employed in the service sector. Average monthly income - 1826 lit. (550 euros)

Many Lithuanian specialists to work for a month to earn this amount to their Western counterparts get for a few days. It is for this reason that Lithuania's accession to the EU has led to a powerful wave of emigration, and the problem of "brain drain".


Lithuania fairly safe, inexpensive, friendly and hospitable country in which English is used every year more and more. In major cities have a large selection of hotels, restaurants, clubs and cafes, many of which are in all respects comply with European standards. However, in small towns and rural areas the situation is completely different; visit them - it's a step back in time, which is an important component of travel in Lithuania.

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